Friday, December 31, 2010

Secrets of Animal Navigation

Taken from the National Geographic
June 1991, Vol. 179, No. 6
Written by Michael E. Long
Pictures by James L. Amos

Despite frosted lenses placed over its eyes to deprive it of visual landmarks, a pigeon will still return to the vicinity of its loft.

Biologist Klaus Schmidt-Koenig supervises the release of pigeons in a field near Tubingen, Germany. In pioneer work published in 1958, he first documented the existence of a time-compensated sun compass in homing pigeons.

Wednesday, December 29, 2010


Robert and Steven Rotiroti successfully ran a Foundation Charity Auction for the benefit of Toronto Sick Kid's Hospital at the Vandorf Community Hall (Ontario, Canada) on November 13th, 2010.

This event was supported with a LIVE-ONLINE by and 100% of the proceeds raised (less auction expenses) was donated DIRECTLY to the Toronto Sick Kid's Hospital. Robert and Steve raised about $10,000.00.

Approximately forty birds were donated by local and out of area flyer's including birds from:
Tony Alves, Rotiroti Bros, Big Andy, Chris Mitsiou, Jim McInnes, Ken Foster, Steacy Family Loft, Ron Hastie, Bruce Mathers, and Mario Rea.

Robert writes, “This is a great way to get a positive outlook on our great sport. This is the first year that my brother and I are going to run the auction, and we plan on running it every year from now on. The pigeon sport teaming up with charity can be very key to our success in getting GOOD NEWS into the media and into the public eye.

Not to mention, that thanks to the doctors at the Sick Kids Hospital my brother Steven is still here with us today and able to run this auction. At birth my brother suffered a brachial plexus injury. This injury has affected my brother's life drastically. When my brother was born there were complications to his delivery, his left shoulder got stuck. The standard procedure when this happens is to break the baby’s collar bone and yank them out by their arms. Now when the doctor went to break his collar bone he messed up horrible and instead broke his collar bone and damaged several nerves on his spinal cord. As soon as my brother was delivered he was immediately put into an ambulance and rushed to sick kids, just after his arrival at sick kids he entered cardiac arrest and lost all his vital signs, he was revived by Dr. W. Clark and his staff. The injury that my brother suffered at birth has left him with no use of his left arm, but thanks to the staff at sick kids he has learned to accomplish his everyday tasks even with his disability. But my brother and many of the other patients at sick kids don’t let their problems slow them down, Steven has a little motto that he says every-time anyone offers him help when they see him struggling with something, he says "everything you can do, I can do better, I can do everything better than you" this is the attitude that all children should have and by you donating to the Sick Children’s Hospital of Toronto we can help fund the research and treatment that these kids need.”

Steve is currently Special Events chair for the Up North Combine and has done an exceptional job in this position.

Past sports promotions
Pigeon racing

Tuesday, December 28, 2010

How Do Birds Navigate Long Distances?

Birds have navigated long distances since ancient times, when Egyptians first used homing pigeons to carry messages. Birds' navigation skills have intrigued researchers, and approximately 150 years ago, they hypothesized that birds traveled by Earth's magnetic field. Other theories include an acute sense of smell, visual cues and genetics--and it is possible all of these theories are true.

Navigation by Smell

While people used to believe birds did not have a well-developed sense of smell, researchers have recently discovered some birds use their olfactory sense to navigate, according to the Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center. For instance, European starlings with damaged nerves that deteriorate their sense of smell are less likely than healthy birds to find their way home.


Migratory birds are born with some navigational skills, according to Smithsonian National Zoological Park. That they fly in the correct direction for the correct length of time during the first migration shows they have an innate navigation system. In an experiment described in the book "Bird Migration," garden warblers kept in a controlled, unchanging environment still knew which direction to fly for migration--proving, for many birds, navigation during migration is a product of genetics.

Magnetic Beaks

In 2004, biologist Cordula Mora at the University of North Carolina led a team of researchers studying birds' navigation. They attached small magnets to their beaks and found this impaired their ability to navigate, leading researchers to believe pigeons have magnetite in their beaks that guides them. They may also have a magnetic compass in their eyes, according to Mora. This means birds can position themselves according to Earth's magnetic field.

Navigation by Sight

Mora states that, during migration, birds also travel by visual cues, including the stars, sun, moon and landmarks on Earth as learned behavior. For instance, if indigo buntings cannot view the night sky when they are young, they fail to learn critical navigation skills for migration. Wind can blow birds slightly off course, but those traveling over rivers stay on course by following the river, according to Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center.

Wind Patterns

Smithsonian National Zoological Park states that wind direction is seasonal, and during migration season, it tends to blow in the direction birds are supposed to migrate--which makes it an ideal guide. Birds may recognize wind direction when it ruffles their feathers, causing them to feel with the sensory receptors beneath their feathers.

By Ashley Hayes, eHow Contributor
updated: May 31, 2010


OREGANO, is effective against many bacteria, fungus, salmonella's, and E. coli. It helps in digestion, kills some staphylococcus and streptococcus species, and generally boosts the immune system. Oregano, like other antibiotics can be over used. It should be followed up by probiotics.

I use a provided dropper and add 12-15 drops to a shot glass of oil or Red Cell vitamins, and mix into feed 2-3 times a week. However, don't rely on my measurements - Do your own research on this powerful NATURAL ANTIBIOTIC.

Purchase a health book or video today, and eliminated the guess work! Vet's for Fanciers, Edited by Dr. Zsolt Talaber would be a good start.

Monday, December 27, 2010

Pigeons help Big Brothers take flight

This article first appeared in the 'Barrie Examiner' on Monday, January 6, 1997. Written by Ian McInroy.

INNISFIL - Pigeons from across southern Ontario came to roost Sunday for area Big Brothers. Members of the Canadian Racing Pigeon Union and their birds homed in on the 400 Flea Market to raise money for Big Brothers in Barrie and Midland. About 400 birds were displayed during auctions where some of the pigeons were sold to members for as much as $300, said Mike Taylor of Huronia Pigeon Racing Promotions, which hosted the event.

FANCIER - Mike Taylor, of Huronia Pigeon Racing Promotions, looks over one of his birds at a fund-raiser Sunday for area Big Brothers. Some pigeons live to be almost 20 years old and exclusive birds in European clubs can fetch upwards of $85,000.

Club member David Booth, of Lefroy, who has been a "fancier" for 25 years, says young and old alike can find pigeoning very satisfying. "It teaches kids how to handle animals gently and encourages them to be responsible. They have to feed them and water them: same as a dog or a cat. They have fun watching them fly and handling the babies." But things can get a little more serious at times, he adds.

"Everyone gets very competitive when the racing begins." Voyo Radoman, of Orangeville agrees. He is publisher of the Canadian Racing Pigeon News and has been an avid pigeoner for 14 years. "For most of us it's intense competition through our feathered friends."

An average race is 400 to 600 kilometres but the final race of the 1997 season is about 1,250 kilometres long. It will begin in Radison, Que., on the east shore of James Bay and end when the birds return to home roosts across southern Ontario.

Participants at Sunday's event raised $1,200 for Big Brothers in Barrie and Midland.

HOLD ON - Werner Vahle, of Bradford (left) helps daughters Nicole, 10, and Sandie, 6, (right) with one of the family's pigeons at the 400 Market.

Past sports promotions
Pigeon racing

Sunday, December 26, 2010

Missing the Ad Boat

Corporate businesses recognize the importance of using their fleets to promote their business. This exposure is critical. Review each transport during the off-season to ensure full potential.

Decals & signs should include large picture of Racing Pigeon (keep it simple), Identify the organization, and affiliated National Organization, their phone numbers, and websites. And if possible a supported Charity or Cause. These vehicles can do much more than transport pigeons to race points.

Saturday, December 25, 2010

Stupid Pigeons

Spend the holidays with family and friends.....the stupid pigeons will be just fine!

... 'this is a day for the blind to see and the deaf to hear'

Thursday, December 23, 2010

Association of Pigeon Veterinarians

Association of Pigeon Veterinarians
National Avian Disease Task Force for Pigeons and Doves

Position Statement:

"The  Association of Pigeon Veterinarians, after careful review of the documentation of the Avian Disease Research Committee of the American Pigeon Fanciers' Council, and the implemented studies of the National Avian Disease Task Force for Pigeons and Doves, and consideration of the data from the United States Communicable Disease Center (CDC), we do affirm and testify that to our knowledge, the raising, keeping and the exercising of pigeons and doves represents no more of a health hazard than the keeping of other communal or domestic pets."

Passed as a unanimous resolution of the Association of Pigeon Veterinarians at the Second Annual Avian Veterinary Symposium of the National Avian Disease Task Force for Pigeons and Doves, July 26, 1986, St. Louis, Missouri.

David Marx, DVM President
Norman, Oklahoma

John Esposito, DVM Vice President
El Paso, Texas

Roger Harlin, DVM Secretary
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma

Kathy Fryar, DVM Treasurer
Willis, Texas

Everett Bryant, DVM Recording Secretary
Storrs, Connecticut

Printed in the American Racing Pigeon News
Volume 107, Number 3, June 1991

Wednesday, December 22, 2010

CRPU Forum

The Canadian Racing Pigeon Union is currently having a problem with it's FORUM pages. They are aware of the problem and are diligently working on getting the site up again.

I'm sure the Board would like me to apologize for this inconvenience on their behalf.

Thanks and enjoy the Holidays,

Mike - TCC Loft

Wendell M. Levi

Wendell Mitchell Levi, Author of Encyclopedia of Pigeon Breeds, and The Pigeon. Foundation books in any serious Pigeon Fanciers library. "The Pigeon" was the official textbook for training U.S. Signal Corps Pigeoneers, World War II.

Portrait reproduced from original painting by E. A. D'Ancona

Personalities that have made a difference in the world of pigeon racing

Saturday, December 18, 2010


Get rid of the bad ones, sell the good ones, and breed from the SUPERS, per Ad Schaerlaeckens.

Twenty words or less TCC Loft series

The New AU and You

This article first appeared in the American Racing Pigeon News, Volume 107, Number 12, March 1992. In times of recession, many hungry businesses go back to the basics when promoting and doing business. Simple ideas with a little leadership and 1/2 dozen volunteers can have a major impact in your local market. I know I'm asking a lot to have you read this very long Blog, but please indulge me. Thanks, Mike

Pigeons in the Mall ?

Publicity Writer
Bob Phillips
Box 218
153 E. Columbus
Lithopolis, OH 43136

I would like to take this first paragraph to introduce you to Ron Logsdon, a first year flyer with the Lancaster, Ohio Pigeon Club. I asked Logsdon to write in his own words his experience of setting up a very successful Mall Show. I would hasten to add that pigeons had not fared to well in the past with the local newspapers. This then is Ron Logsdons story and how he put on a splendid Mall Show reaping a bountiful windfall of publicity in the local news papers. The show also gained new members for the club plus enlightened the public.

Pigeons in the Mall? You're kidding right?? No way!! It'll never happen!! You outta your mind!! Fat chance!! & Good luck!! Are they gonna be flying around inside the mall?? Are you gonna set up a race track for them to race on?? These are some of the comments I heard when I first brought up the idea of having a pigeon show in the local mall.

It was at our November meeting that I made the motion that we see about the local mall letting us put on a show. I was immediately nominated to spearhead the project which I was all for. Since I brought it up I naturally should be the one to pursue it. No problem for this flier, I don't feel that I should just be a dues paying member. Every member should get involved in one way or another with promoting our sport and educating the public on all the misinformation they generally receive about pigeons.

This show had a two fold purpose:
1) Educate the public
2) Attract new members

I feel we accomplished both targets, the jury is still out as the show just ended but time will tell just how well we really did do. I have been reading with much interest this past year all the Updates stories about trying to bolster the number of fliers. With every Update I became more and more interested in the plan proposed by Steve Lawler called Project 2000. The attempt to DOUBLE the size of the AU. It sounds like an awesome task but with all the aids available from the AU it should be one that we could very easily reach. The Spring issue got my interest while the Fall issue got me charged.

So, here it is November and I'm in charge of putting together a show in the local mall that some people are doubting that it will happen. The first order of business is to reserve one of the three AU display booths for our show. I figure on having this show in January as the birds are fully feathered, not in training, most fliers have them separated and they just have that full plump good look about them. I got a display booth reserved and mailed to me (the booth was not in use since early December and I was the first to ask for it, I find it hard to believe that it was going to sit idle for over 6 weeks, some clubs are letting a golden opportunity go by them). The winter time to me is the ideal time to have a show. Our show is over with and now other clubs are scrambling to get a kit. I have to mail this one direct to Texas for them to get it in time for their show. So I have the booth, the blessing of the members to spend up to $100 on the show, so now its full steam ahead with all the coordinating and time for me to put on my PR hat.

First stop is the local mall. It was amazing to me putting this show together just how giving everyone was. I coordinated all the plans for this over the phone. Never once did I have to have a face to face meeting with the mall people, it surprised me. After hammering down a firm date for the show I then moved onto the media for coverage. I send out a news release a month in advance of the show to 7 area papers for some public service advertising. Much to my surprise, one of the papers started running the ad upon receiving it and ran it the entire 4 weeks for free. I also contacted two of the TV stations but never heard from them and no one ever showed up to cover the show. Next step was for me to set up a time schedule for the members to show and to also lay down some rules of my own. There was no problem getting members to show and everything came off without a hitch.

We all tried to show our most colorful birds. Bringing Grizzles, Reds, Silvers, Whites and white flighted and splashes birds. We even had a single cage for showing a rooftop bird. We trap birds from downtown and this little wild bird was for the publics comparison of a common rooftop bird to a true racer.

We started the show on a Friday and ended it on closing of the mall Sunday night. We had 5 tables to work with which was more than ample. We set up the AU display on the front table which is a real eye catcher. The local Sears store in the mall let us use a TV/VCR combination TV in which we ran the short and long versions of "MARATHON IN THE SKY".

We set up cages to show a total of 8 racers and the single for the wild bird. We showed with two fliers every 4 hours with each flier bringing 4 of his own birds. That way it should be less stress on the birds. Supporting the show was a map I made of all our race stations back to our town using pins and thread pointing out the miles raced for each race station. We also had a training basket, countermarking device, countermarks (we would let kids use their finger as the birds leg and snap a countermark on it to show its use and then let them keep the countermark) leg bands, baggies with feed and grit, a timing clock, the 1991 band list out of the Update, all the literature that came with the display booth, some of the members brought along their trophies and diplomas to show with their birds.

All in all, I think it was one great show. The local newspaper came to my loft the Monday before the show and did a front cover story on me and my birds with color photos and that appeared in the Sunday paper the last day of the show. The reporter doing the story took home with her the 60 minute version of "Marathon in the Sky" and wrote an excellent story to go along with great color photos. I did the coordinating of this show myself and if I can do it then YOU can do it. People are really interested in our sport if we give them the chance to ask about it. Its not hard to put one together, as a matter of fact, I had fun doing this one. I can't wait for next year.


Your scribe will add the following information to this article. I know we will not have the final results of this mall show for some time however, I can tell you this we have three new prospects that we didn't have before the show. We also have two flyers that had left the sport 25 years ago considering returning and one new member as a result of the show.

The Fairfield County 4-H Group invited us to join with them in a Mall Show the first weekend in February. Like Ron Logston said we are ready to do it again only this time we are going to add more fancy birds to the show.

Use the "American Racing Pigeon Union" link on the right hand column of this Blog site for more promotional ideas and support.

Past sports promotions
Pigeon racing

Friday, December 17, 2010

Vincent D. Snyder

Vincent D. Snyder the passionate sports Editor-Publisher
of America's leading pigeon
sport magazine in the 1950's and 60's 
"The American Racing Pigeon News"

Personalities that have made a difference in the world of pigeon racing

Thursday, December 16, 2010

Greater Chicago Centre

Spectators watch disappearing flock of pigeons released in connection with Rheem Mfg. Co. Sales Promotion event.

Considerable interest and newspaper publicity was given the Rheem Co. annual sales promotional meeting held at Hotel Moraine on the Lake at Highland Park. One of the highlights of this affair was the release of 150 homing pigeons, each band number being registered with each salesman. Pigeons were obtained from cities along the Fox River Valley and the pigeon arriving in the best time merited the lucky band number holder one of seven prizes: a color TV, couple of suits of clothes, radio and stereo sets, etc. Arrival times were telephoned to Mrs. Ruzek, who in turn called the advertising group at the hotel and bedlam prevailed. In addition to the salesmen receiving prizes, the dealers who placed over quota orders (being contacted direct from the hotel by telephone - over 50 special phones being specially installed), received free trips to Florida and the Bahamas.

First published in The American Racing Pigeon News
February 1966

Past sports promotions
Pigeon racing

Wednesday, December 15, 2010

Multi-modal Orientation Cues in Homing Pigeons

How homing pigeons displaced into unfamiliar territory find their way home has been the subject of extensive experimentation and debate. One reason for the controversy is that pigeons seem to use multiple cues. Clock-shifting experiments show that experienced pigeons use the sun as a preferred compass; when it is not available they rely on magnetic cues.

That pigeons can home successfully while wearing frosted lenses suggests that landmarks, while not an essential navigational cue, are important in the final stages. The sensory basis of the “map” or position finding system is probably equally or even more complicated. When conditions around the loft are suitable, pigeons may use olfactory cues to find their way or might use some feature of the earth's magnetic field for their navigation.

The Wiltschkos (1989) showed that pigeons raised without free access to ambient odors are not disoriented when anosmic while their siblings raised with free access to the prevailing wind were disoriented. Similarly, sibling pigeons from two lofts in Lincoln, Massachusetts. were well oriented or totally disoriented when released at magnetic anomalies under sunny skies depending upon which of the two lofts they had been reared in.

All of these experiments and many more suggest that pigeons use multiple and redundant cues to find their way home. Further, there is the suggestion that which cues they adopt may well be influenced by the characteristics of the area around the home loft in which they were reared.

read more about the experiment results, and the materials and methods used @

Charles Walcott
Author Affilations
Department of Neurobiology and Behavior, Seeley G. Mudd Hall, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853-2702

Tuesday, December 14, 2010


The Tillsonburg & District Racing Pigeon Club held their annual Peterborough Young Bird Charity Race August 10, 1996. This year the club was able to present a cheque for $800 to the Tillsonburg Kiwanas Sport Club. The money will be used for training and developing local athletes with disabilities.

The Tillsonburg club challenges other clubs to raise money for a charity in their area. This type of activity puts a positive face on our hobby. This effort was not all work. The club had disabled persons present on basketing night and at clock knockoff. The club members had a great time explaining our hobby to the disabled kids and their parents. The video MARATHON IN THE SKY was loaned to anyone who wanted to see it. It was well used and many good comments were received. Above is a photo of some of the club members and kids present on basketing night.

Submitted by Nick Oud
Canadian Racing Pigeon News
October/November 1996

Past sports promotions
Pigeon racing

Monday, December 13, 2010

Why Supple Feathers And Not Supple Wings?

A conversation between Pierre Dordin and Jules Dehantschutter

Supple wings are certainly a quality; it was particularly appreciated by Doctor Bricoux whose excellent strain "gave their wing". We are much less categorical than Dr Bricoux. In our loft, some hypernervous birds refuse to give their wings. Those which, to top it off, shy, not to say wild, not only hold them in but withdraw them. (Our colleague Fabry from Liege calls these pigeons "ticklish" and they are his best).

We have often come across such birds among great champions in long-distance racing. On the other hand, we have never seen an ace pigeon whose features were bad looking.

 The Road To Success
By Jules Dehantschutter

Sunday, December 12, 2010

Benefit Children's Hospital

The fanciers of Washington, D.C. conducted a charity race for the benefit of the Children's Hospital. Shown above in front of the hospital, left to right: George Abrahams, owner of Reeves Restaurant who donated the trophy to the winner; Frank Baldwin and Curtis Heflin, owners of the winner of the race, Mr. Heflin is holding the winner; Mr. Fiddler of the Children's Hospital receiving the check of proceeds of the race from Art Schlick of the Capital City Club.

Picture taken from the Racing Pigeon Bulletin
November 7, 1966

Past sports promotions
Pigeon racing

Suppleness and force of the wing-beat

We require from a long distance pigeon a sufficient wing-span and joints as supple as possible. We know that there are exceptions to all rules but we are convinced that suppleness of the wing and force of the wing-beat must be at the basis of performances of long duration.

Discussed in The Practical Side of Pigeon Racing
by Leon Petit
May 1952

Saturday, December 11, 2010

Loft Notes

Accurate loft notes conveniently located in the loft will identify events within the loft that will bring success quicker.

Twenty words or less TCC Loft series


Ready to promote our sport in Central Ontario?

Our National Organization: The Canadian Racing Pigeon Union (CRPU), and leading Combine: The Up North Combine (UNC) and affiliated Clubs Constitutions outlines our promotional mandate.

Canadian Racing Pigeon Union

Section 3: OBJECTS – The objects of the Corporation shall be:

(1) To promote pigeon racing in the DOMINION OF CANADA; and

(2) To promote and hold pigeon races and to give prizes, awards and distinctions to persons and associations, incorporated or unincorporated, which may be interested in racing pigeons; and

(3) To promote the breeding and distribution of knowledge of all matters related to pigeon racing; and

(4) To provide for and procure the lectures, conferences, contests, shows and holding of public meetings, exhibitions, other gatherings calculated directly or indirectly to advance pigeon racing; and

(5) To provide means for registration and identification of racing pigeons, and to promote uniform standards and classifications in all kinds of matters related to racing pigeons; and

(6) To provide a central bureau to deal with all matters relating to lost and straying pigeons and the transfer or other disposition of racing pigeons; and

(7) To establish a central bureau for the collection and dissemination of information and knowledge relating to racing pigeons; and

(8) To render aid and assistance to persons and associations, incorporated, or unincorporated, interested or likely to be interested in racing pigeons; and

(9) To consider and discuss all questions affecting the interests of racers of pigeons and to promote the welfare of racers of pigeons; and

(10) To subscribe to or become a member of or co-operate with any other association whose objects are wholly or partially similar to those of the Corporation; and

(11) To buy, sell and otherwise acquire and dispose of or deal with any goods, wares, apparatus, devices, buildings or other real or personal property which may be requisite for the purposes of, or can conveniently be used in connection with any of the objects of the Corporation; and

(12) To carry on in the same or a modified form and extend the work heretofore undertaken by the unincorporated association known as Canadian Racing Pigeon Union; and

(13) To do all such other things as are incidental or conductive to the attainment of the above objects.


1. The object of the Corporation, that is to say, is to provide:

(a) practical economical, transportation of racing pigeons to their point of release for the Corporation;

(b) help promote sport awareness within the Corporation’s geographic area. And it is hereby ordained and declared that the Corporation shall be carried on without the purpose of gain for its members and any profits or other accretions to the Corporation shall be used in promoting its objects.

Past sports promotions
Pigeon racing

Friday, December 10, 2010

Magnetic Beaks Help Birds Navigate, Study Says

No wonder homing pigeons seldom get lost: They may get directions from their beaks. This intriguing idea is raised by a new study on the navigational abilities of birds published in tomorrow's issue of the science journal Nature.

Researchers say their study proves for the first time that homing pigeons can sense Earth's magnetic field. The findings add to the debate over whether pigeons and other birds chart their flight paths by using a magnetic sense or by following scent clues in the atmosphere. "The question of how [pigeons] might find their way home has fascinated laymen and academics for several decades," said Cordula Mora, a biologist at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

James Owen
for National Geographic News
November 24, 2004

Thursday, December 9, 2010

Selecting Stock Hens

When looking for hens to put into the stock loft, the ones to use are hens that were consistent as young birds. Those that got amongst the leading birds regularly, particularly when the race velocity came down to 1200 ypm and below. It is a fact that the majority of good stock hens, breed their best youngsters in their first year, and many a champion has come from a maiden egg.

Taken from The secret of Speed
by E. J. Sains

Wednesday, December 8, 2010

Thick Legs

I never knew a good Producer Hen that had skinny legs. None of my Goldmine Producer Hens were big in the body but all of them rated two particular features (1) A tendency if no more, towards depth in keel. They were not deep, in the accepted sense, but the similitude to depth was apparent when handling. (2) They had think legs with no tendency whatsoever towards 'stiltiness'.

Not once, but several times, I had to cut the rings off 6/7-year old Producer Hens because the metal was biting into the skin of the leg. On the other hand, whenever I bred a 'stily' hen with thin legs I noticed that she also sported a somewhat 'swanny' neck.

Taken from The Strain Makers
by Old Hand

Tuesday, December 7, 2010

Important Numbers

J.W.E Stam, Pigeon Racing Today & Tomorrow, dedicates an entire chapter on pigeon transportation. He calculates transport temperature, available oxygen, relative humidity, and carbon dioxide within the transport based on air exchange, size, and number of birds being transported. Valuable information for transports parked during hold overs.

"The highest temperature at which a pigeon can remain comfortable is 105 degree Fahrenheit. Above this point it will have great difficulty in regulating its body temperature and will quickly die of hyperthermia. The lowest temperature which a bird can withstand is probably around minus 5 degree Fahrenheit."

Monday, December 6, 2010

Golden Eggs

Never race, sell, or eliminate a hen who lays golden eggs, not even when your friends tell you she has passed her prime as a breeder. The only time a hen with the "Nicking Factor" ceases to be a good producer is when she reaches the age at which she no longer lays any eggs. Neither age nor custom stales such a rare pigeon. Her productive power, like her beauty in you eyes, increases until the time arrives when she has no more golden eggs to donate to your future as a pigeon fancier.

Taken from The Strain-Makers
by Old Hand

Sunday, December 5, 2010

Settling Young Cocks into their New Loft

If you have the facilities, the old cocks should be removed and their nests closed up and just the young cocks remain in the loft to select a nest. This eliminates an old cock claiming two nests and saves a lot of fighting. When the newcomers are settled, the other nests are re-opened and their owners permitted to come back into the loft.

Taken from Widowhood Flying
by Mark Gordon

Saturday, December 4, 2010

NEW: Secrets of Champions V

Jim Jenner has produced another Champions Series film;
Secrets of Champions V: Many Roads to Victory

DOUBLE DVD! ALMOST 4 HOURS! If you've enjoyed Jim's best-selling "Secrets" series this two DVD set is essential to have in your library.

Price: $69.95 UK Price: £39.95

Jim Jenner visits more than three dozen top lofts in this documentary on pigeon racing. You'll enjoy this DOUBLE-DVD set that is all new for 2011. Packed with information you will enjoy again and again. "Secrets V" features profiles of dozens of top trainers talking about feeding, motivation and other vital tools to win more races.

• Loft visits and profiles on individual fanciers.
• The latest thinking on fatty acids & performance.
• Secrets to motivating Widowhood Cocks & Hens.
• Young Bird Sickness and new tips on darkening.
• When & how to add light to darkened young birds.
• The “Sunrise” System of Young Bird management.
• The “Light” System and why some use it.
• The “Pigeon Whisperer” and bird behavior.
• Why the eye may be key to fast homing ability.


Periodically inspect the interior and exterior of the loft at night. You'd be surprised what's happening when you're in bed.

Twenty words or less TCC Loft series

Friday, December 3, 2010


Many a good cock produces working sons and daughters, so far as actual racing is concerned. Very few prove capable of siring hens with the 'Nicking Factor' or, if you prefer the term, "brood hens". It is a matter of breeding potency, or genetic domination. A Stud Cock who is capable of siring a Producer Hen guarantees you a long career as a fancier of fame and repute. He projects his power beyond the first generation and, unimpaired, right into the third generation of breeding. What does this amount to in pigeon racing years? Thirty to forty at the least! Who asks for more?

Taken from The Strain Makers
by Old Hand

Thursday, December 2, 2010

Settling Mated Pairs

While they are driving, I keep the pairs confined, except for their brief exercise period for food and water. When they are mated, I let out two pairs at a time, then three pairs and even four pairs at a time, taking care not to let out at the same time birds of new matings that were paired together in previous years. Once they are on eggs, you can open up the nest front permanently.

Taken from Widowhood Flying
By Mark Gordon

Wednesday, December 1, 2010

Fitness and Form

The gleaming white wattles, tightness of feathering, cocks constantly on the move when off the nest and hens with shimmering brightness and trembling tails: these signs are all indicative of good health. Most fit birds have remarkably clean feet which, when handled, give a feeling of warmth, the 'glow' of good health.

Youngsters must look and feel 'tight' and have a distinctly bright wattle and eye cere. The eyes in all fit pigeons should be really bright, glistening almost, yet perfectly dry, and blinking more quickly than a camera's shutter.

Taken from Pigeon Racing by F.W.S. Hall
Printed in 1962

Tuesday, November 30, 2010

Super-Good Health

Health isn't something you create and furbish with good feeding, hygiene and such-like mechanical processes. Good health is born, not made. The super-good health that is imperative in the breeding of a future champion is the legacy only of a very exceptional hen.

Taken from The Strain Makers
by Old Hand

Saturday, November 27, 2010

Quality Feed

Quality feed is dry, not dusty, and does not smell. A handful of mix doesn't float in a water glass.

Twenty words or less TCC Loft series

Look Up! There's a race going on

Brian Moxey, elected "Life Time Club Member" of the Barrie Racing Pigeon Club, has always positively promoted our sport of Pigeon Racing to the general public. He has appeared in many newspaper articles, and is well known within his community. Hat's off to Brian!

This article first appeared in the 'Barrie Advance' in 1990. Brian lives in the heart of the City and has never had complaints from neighbours about his pigeons. If fact, neighbours have been keen to direct prospective fanciers to Brian.

A typical race day - Pigeon Racing
By Al Brown: Staff

The first two pigeons sweep in from the south and circle the back yard. Brian Moxey, seated nervously on his back porch, is concerned as they circle, then land and walk about the roof of the loft. "Its all costing me time", he says without taking his eyes off the birds. "This is one way to lose a race".

Finally, thankfully, the birds slip through the tunnel on the roof and into the loft. Moxey is off the back porch like Ben Johnson from the starting blocks. His hat flies off in the wind as he races to the loft. A  moment late, more relaxed, he emerges from the loft and begins again to scan the skies looking for those birds yet to make an appearance. For all the care and hard work of raising and caring for racing pigeons, the actual race day excitement is over in minutes.

Every Saturday from May 5 to the first week of October, there are at least 20 pigeoners in Barrie locked in competition with each other and dozens of others around Ontario. The races vary in distance, but the inner workings and detailed rules and regulations remain the same. Racing birds from seven different clubs are sent via truck to various locations up north. The truck is provided by the Toronto Federation of Pigeon Clubs and every Friday goes north to places such as Sudbury, Timmins, Long Lac, Hearst and Burk's Falls.

The birds are released at 9:00 AM, Saturday, and the race begins. Now, however, is when it gets complicated. Unlike most races, there is no common finishing line. Each group of pigeons is headed for its own loft and all are located at different distances from the starting point.

Each bird is banded by the home club just before it is sent to the starting point. In the tunnel to the loft, meanwhile, a special clock timer complete with roll of adding machine paper and small drum is set to go. When the birds finally return to the loft, the pigeoner rushes in, takes the band off the bird, puts it into the clock timer box and pulls a lever to get a set finishing time. These times are then mailed to Mark Brown in St. Jacob's, Ontario. He is the only person authorized by the Canadian Racing Pigeon Union to measure for velocity and ultimately declare a winner.

He calculates the velocity of each bird based on the exact latitude and longitude of the release point, the home loft and the times registered. "A lot of things are figured in, even the curvature of the earth and how many seconds individual clocks are off", said Moxey, a long-time member of the Barrie Racing Pigeon Club. "The highest velocity wins the event".

As Moxey watches the sky, the last of his birds makes a graceful appearance. It has been about 20 minutes since the first two birds appeared. For Brian Moxey, and hundreds of other pigeon racers around Ontario, a full season of 38 races is just beginning.

Feeding time: Brian Moxey spends a great deal of time taking care of his pigeons. Feeding them is part of the daily job and all part of getting the best times from his flock.

Barrie Racing Pigeon Club:
35 years of tradition

The Barrie Racing Pigeon club is one of the oldest organized sports clubs in Barrie, yet it is also one of the least known. Founded about 35 years ago, the BRPC has a clubhouse on County Road 56, off Highway 90, and currently has about 20 members. Each week from May to October the BRPC gets together with other clubs from across Ontario to race some of the finest racing pigeons in the world.

Racing, however, is only a culmination of the hard work and effort each of the members puts forth throughout the year. "There is taking care of them (pigeons), exercising them and training them", said Brian Moxey, a member of the club for 25 years. "I like the spring when the youngsters are born and you have to attend to them."

Moxey is typical of most of the members. He got hooked on the sport many years ago and has gradually built up an impressive loft of racing birds. He has about 80 and continues to look for ways to upgrade his loft with better bloodlines. The pigeons, many of which can be quite expensive, are purchased at auctions and through other pigeon fanciers.

There are pigeon shows, young bird auctions, buy, trade and sell shows and many other ways to acquire new birds or better birds. It costs $10 a year to join the Barrie Club and a further $15 for membership in the Canadian Racing Pigeon Union. There are also additional costs such as truck fees for transporting the birds to starting points for the beginning of races.

Although it is a sport that only pigeoners seem to understand and enjoy, Moxey said the Club is always looking for new members. "Everybody is welcome to check it out," he said. "The sport is secondary to the birds and I think it's fair to say we (pigeoners) are all animal lovers first."

The competition side of things offers some fun and excitement, but pigeon racing is first done for the sheer love of animals. For more information, call Jerry Wegman, Club Secretary (also, elected Life Time Club Member).

A little bit of history

It may not be a highly publicized or well-known sport, but pigeon racing is steeped in history and has more participants than most people realize. According to the book 'Pigeon Racing' by F.W.S. Hall, there is evidence the sport began 3,500 years ago. Pigeons were used by many Middle East nations and Roman lords such as Julius Caesar. The sport is now believed to be enjoyed by some 7-million people worldwide, and there are organized pigeon racing unions throughout Europe, Japan, China, Soviet Union, Australia, Canada and the United States.

In total, there are more than 150-million racing pigeons bred every year and these thoroughbreds of the pigeon world are certainly worth more then mere chicken feed. Prices ranging up to $50,000 have been paid for a single top racing bird. These top birds are well worth the price to pigeon racers. Racing pigeons can reach speeds of more than 60 mph and a few have been known, under ideal weather conditions, to surpass 90 mph.

The sport has reached such a level in Europe that one race in Britain offers prize money of about $125,000 to the winner, while another in France pays more than $140,000 to the winner. It may not be well-known, but not many sports can boast that somebody, somewhere in the world is participating in them on virtually every day of the year. Pigeon racing can make such a boast.

Taken from the Barrie Advance, Wednesday, May 9, 1990

There have been many changes to the local sport since this article appeared in the 'Barrie Advance' some 20 years ago, such as electronic clocking and the organization of the Up North Combine. And Al Brown stated only a few minor errors such as the reference of Mark Brown and the calculation of velocity. However, the Pigeon Racing story, and the meat and potato's of the sport was portrayed well.

Anyone interested in entering the sport anywhere in Canada can contact the Canadian Racing Pigeon Union.

(P) 519-842-9771
(F) 519-842-8809

Past sports promotions
Pigeon racing

Thursday, November 25, 2010

Will Offer TASKER On Choice Pigeon

On November 25, 2010, I will offer on Choice Pigeon
CU 02 BAR 1041 Dark Chequer TASKER Cock
Starting Bid $500.00 Canadian

Bred by Tony Paszterko directly off his FRANK & ANN TASKER imports. I'm having a hard time giving up this cock. He's a favorite, and was a gift from Tony right out of the nest. I expect all my cock birds to protect their nests. However, 1041 although a good neighbor, would challenge me while scraping common areas in the loft.

He is a medium-large, out-front bird with a very strong, broad back, and quality eye. He is an inbred GRAND SON of Frank Tasker's CHAMPION "FILMSTAR" GB 83 Z25196 - 26 x 1st, 12 x 1st Federation, 2 x R.P.R.A. Awards, 1st Ace Pigeon 1986 All England R.P.R.A. Distance 0 - 250 miles, 7th World Championships V.L.

These "PAUL HAELTERMAN" based birds  have performed well for many fanciers including Frank Tasker's friend Geoff Kirkland. All three of these gentleman have been featured in Jim Jenner's "Secrets of Champions" video series. HAELTERMAN's "Halve-Fond" family of pigeons is bred mainly around one Champion, "JONGE KORTE", who won 712,000 B Francs ($23,000) in his career!

Sire: GB 00 A96300 Chequer - A direct Son of CHAMPION "FILMSTAR" GB 83 Z25196 - 26 x 1st, 12 x 1st Federation, etc, mated to Frank's Golden Hen "Whitenose Limoges" GB 94 V58031, Dam to 1st National, as well as sister to 2nd National 1994, 7th National 1999, and many more high performance winners. "Whitenose Limoges" was the result of crossing Frank's Haelterman CHAMPS to Andre Dierick's famous "SULTAN" lines.

Dam: GB 99 X99229 Blue Chequer - off performance parents, including wins, 1st Open Peterborough & District Berwick, and 24th Open N.R.C.C. "229" is Grand Daughter of the "FILMSTAR", a breeding hen directly out of "ZWARTE HOUBEN", a Full Brother of the "SULTAN", and a Daughter of the "SULTAN", 11 x 1st. A Classic Pedigree!


When we need birds for speed, we must make an effort to get  a loft full of pigeons from one to three years old if we race them the year of their birth; in other cases between one and four years. No exception to this rule will be allowed unless we have something really exceptional or unless we want a few old cocks to which we will apply the widowhood system at early spring.

Taken from The Practical Side of Pigeon Racing
by Leon Petit
May 1952

Wednesday, November 24, 2010

Young Bird Schedule

In my viewpoint, if all young bird schedules consisted of two 75 mile events, two more from 100 miles and two from 150, I thinks that less youngsters would be lost and for that matter, less old ones also. However, the trend is the other way. More, and more long young bird races are being scheduled all the time. More and more fanciers, who cannot seem to learn to do well with old birds, are concentrating on their young birds ...

Taken from Widowhood Flying
by Mark Gordon

Tuesday, November 23, 2010

Adenovirus Symptoms

Adenovirus Symptoms not limited to:
  • Foul-smelling, bright green excreta
  • Vomiting
  • Loss of condition
  • Variable respiratory symptoms
  • Mortality's, 0 - 20%
  • Poor race results
  • Increased losses from races
Recovered birds can remain carriers! Watch for Secondary Ailments.

Taken from Fit To Win
by Wim Peters

Monday, November 22, 2010

Remate a Cock Bird

If you want to remate a cock, remove his hen and youngsters and in 48 hours he will be more than anxious to mate. The hen you have chosen for him should have been away from her mate for at least a week.

Taken from Widowhood Flying
by Mark Gordon

Saturday, November 20, 2010


Manipulate lights within breeding loft at least one month prior to early breeding.

Twenty words or less TCC Loft series

Wednesday, November 17, 2010

The Cross

The 'cross' invigorates the blood and if both sire and dam are the products of top-ranking line-bred strains the production of quality racing progeny should be a matter of course.

Taken from The Strain Makers
by Old Hand

Tuesday, November 16, 2010

Drinking Fountains

The drinking fountains are responsible for spreading or controlling most diseases in the loft. Water containers, like grit containers, should be made of plastic or earthenware rather than metal because some of the medications and vitamins that are put in the water also cause chemical reactions on metal. When water freezes it expands, so an earthenware container will break or split when the water freezes but the plastic vessel stretches. All water pans should be sponged each time the drinking water is changed. Once a week all fountains should be cleaned with Clorox. This eliminates all algae and bacteria that has collected in the seams of the vessels. And, too, when placing medications and vitamins in the water, the pan should be absolutely clean before starting each new medication.

Taken from Rotondo Racing Pigeons

A Classic book

Saturday, November 13, 2010

Diatomaceous Earth

Include Diatomaceous Earth in feed barrels, mixtures, nests, and floor dressing to control worms, parasites, and insects in the loft.

Twenty words or less TCC Loft series

Product Label
Red Lake Earth - Diatomaceous Earth
Diatomaceous earth is a pure and natural product with no chemicals or toxins. It is a light-coloured porous rock-clay based mineral composed of the shells of diatoma (microscopic one-celled or colonial algae, having cell walls of silica). It is in effect, a pure organic mineral with fine sharp crystalline structure that pierces the wax protective finish of the skin of insects and parasites but is Safe for larger animals and birds.

  • Insect free grain storage - 1/2 to 2% of the weight of grain (1/2 to 2 lb into 100 lb of grain) with no toxins being used (malathion, sevin) plus it will work for an indefinite length of time.
  • Eliminating intestinal worms and parasites - feed 1/2 to 2% of the weight of grain or feed mix (same as storing grain). It can be used for pigeons, poultry, dogs, cats, sheep, goats, cattle, horses, and  an other animals.
  • Mineralization - purely organic broad spectrum mineral containing calcium, magnesium, iron, phosphate, sodium, titanium, potassium, plus many others.
  • Deodorizing/absorption - Neutralizes and absorbs odours and moisture.
  • Insecticide dusting - Sprinkle on the floor of the loft and in the nests to control insect infestations, absorb moisture and odours at a rate of 500 gm to 2 kg to a 10' x 10' area.
Precautions - Avoid inhaling dust. Avoid contact with eyes. Use of a dust mask and appropriate eye protection is recommended. Wash off powder if on skin


Away with the theory of the black tongue, the feathers on the legs, the black nails or toes, the perfect eyesign, the wanted iris, etc. Old, is the theory requiring a mealy to have as mate a blue hen and also finished is the other which defended two white eyes to be mated together. Real sporting and psychical qualities are worth hundred times more than all these stupidities.

Taken from The Practical Side of Pigeon Racing
by Leon Petit
May 1952

Tuesday, November 9, 2010

Flock Treatments

Except for parasite control, avoid flock treatments in young pigeons, only treating unwell individuals so as not to interfere with the developing natural immunity of the team as a whole.

Taken from The Flying Vet's Pigeon Health Management
by Dr Colin Walker

Sunday, November 7, 2010

A Good Moult

A good and complete moult is not only a sure symptom of the good condition of the bird at that particular moment, but in normal circumstances, after an intense racing period, it is an infallible guarantee of health for the following months and the approaching winter.

Taken from The Practical Side of Pigeon Racing
by eon Petit
May 1952

Saturday, November 6, 2010

Loft Security

Watery droppings in the early morning may indicate overnight stress caused by loft intruders.

Twenty words or less TCC Loft series

Thursday, November 4, 2010

The Wing & Vitality

The pigeon's wing color (pigmentation) will quickly show the trained eye the birds health & vitality. A worn out racer is also a worn out breeder, and you can't manufacture the missing vitality required to breed a Champion.

Tail Grand Dam

Old Hand says,

 The most important bird in the breeding subsequent to the Foundation is the Tail Grand Dam (Dam's Dam). This is where you should introduce your breeding 'Cross' into your pedigree.

Saturday, October 30, 2010

The Racing Plan

Start next season's racing plan prior to breeding. Stay the course, and only make small, fine adjustments as required. Patience!

Twenty words or less TCC Loft series

Friday, October 29, 2010

Search This Blog

Search this blog found in the right hand column not only searches this pigeon blog site, but also searches the links to this site. Once the search is entered, a new window will open up with two tabs: 'This Blog', and 'Linked From Here'. Give it a try. You'll be surprised with the results.

Wednesday, October 27, 2010

Why Do We Inbreed?

We inbreed in order to retain desirable traits while attempting to generate animals homozygous for these traits. Note, however, that resistance to disease, fertility and size are reduced in inbred animals. Therefore, we must be especially selective and take care that only healthy birds are used for breeding. After all, vitality, endurance and the desire to fly are the mainstays of the sport.

Taken from Pigeon Racing Today & Tomorrow
by J.W.E. Stam, D.V.M, Ph.D.

Scheduled Blogs

I want to thank everyone that follows these blog pages, and I hope they're helpful. Currently I have over 100 new blogs written and scheduled to post. My daughter says that's scary. If something  happened to me, I would continue to haunt everyone with scheduled blogs popping up on their own.

Blogs that will appear between now and the end of the year include;
  • Tail Grand Dam
  • A Good Moult
  • Diatomaceous Earth
  • Stupidities
  • Quality Feed
  • The Cross
  • Speed
  • Super Good Health
  • Potency
  • Golden Eggs
  • Thick Legs
  • Suppleness

Saturday, October 23, 2010

Health Program

Your Health Program should include Natural Product. Only use antibiotics when advised by a veterinarian.

Twenty words or less TCC Loft Series

Thursday, October 21, 2010

The Weather

We saw snow today in Barrie, and I've had the pool closed for almost two months. The weather is a changing. Maybe I should take a round or two out of this one.

This SION not for sale

Eliminate the By-Laws

On the way home tonight, I was listening to the Fan 590's Bob McCown discussing an initiative to introduce hockey to 'new' Canadians. The last generation was introduced to hockey through 'road hockey', which today is almost unseen due to the by-laws put in place over the last 10 - 20 years. We will soon see a push to eliminate these by-laws across Canada, which will surely see growth to our national sport.

Are pigeon fanciers and our national organizations also ready to fight back? Will green backyards, the re-introduction of poultry, vegetable gardens, and cloths lines within test municipalities help set the stage for us to make the same push?

Food for thought!

Wednesday, October 20, 2010


It is unwise to judge a bird on one point of its physical constitution, and particularly on a characteristic that can be seen or felt, and thereby classify it as an outstanding ace or a reject. A pigeon is a whole entity and one visible defect can not condemn it. Is this defect compensated by unseen qualities? Only the race basket will answer that question.

Jules Dehantschutter discusses in his book
The Road To Success

Tuesday, October 19, 2010

Will Offer SION on Choice Pigeon

On November 7, 2010, I will offer on Choice Pigeon
CU 04 BORD 4325 Red Grizzle SION Cock
Starting Bid $500.00 Canadian 

John Pfeiffer Jr. - Gemini Loft, picked out two pair of SIONS to re-introduce the SION blood back into his loft, and "4325" was one of the two "TCC Loft" cocks picked out by John.

Medium, well bodied, with a beautiful eye, this cock the best of Tony Paszterko and John Pfeiffer SIONS.

SIRE: 0948 is off Tony Paszterko's foundation "Triple 870" cock mated to John Pfeiffer's direct daughter of Joe Bates "National Hero", also Grand Daughter of Fountainhead's "Lee's Faith" & "Virgo". The "Triple 870" is Double Grand Son mated back to Daughter of CHAMPION CU 70 BAR 870, 16 x 1st, and 1972 CU Old Bird Champion. "870" is inbred Chas. Heitzman. "National Hero" 3rd Open Fed, 64th Open U.N.C. Bourges, 555 miles, 3,595 birds, 46th U.N.C. Lillers, 330 miles, 17,000 birds, British Record Holder, 8th Open Section "K" 175th Open Pau, 788 miles, 5,330 birds, and a velocity of 941. "Lee's Faith" 1st open Thurso 565 miles, and 6 x 1st club wins. "Virgo" British Record Holder, Winner of 1st North-East 700 Mile Club and 1st Flying Club YB from Rennes.

DAM: 17676 is down from Tony Paszterko's "Woodpecker" and "Maroon Eye" Heitzman lines, and John Pfeiffer's "Frenchie" lines thru Sam Marshall's Champion "BADDER". 17676's parent's are brother and sister to winners. These HEITZMAN SIONS not only produced race winners, but were also successful in local shows. There's only one non-Sion cross in 4325's pedigree from Rolf Bachmann's "KADET" imports, and this crossing produced a combine winner in first year of pairing.  

Monday, October 18, 2010

Red C

A few years back, Dave Ottaway introduced me to this product. Back then it was called 'Red Cell'. I use 'Red C' or 'Wheat Germ Oil' a couple of times a week to bind other feed supplements to my feed mix.

Vitamin and Trace Mineral Supplement For Horses
For Animal Use Only
Caution Keep Out of Reach of Children
Density at 20 degrees C 1.08Kg / L
This feed contains added selenium at 27 mg/kg

Vitamin A - 782,650 I.U - 25,000 I.U
Vitamin D3 - 109,516 I.U - 3,500 I.U
Vitamin E - 1,408 I.U - 45 I.U
Thiamine (Vitamin B1) - 1,720 mg - 55 mg
Vitamin B12 - 3,128 mcg - 120 mcg
Riboflavin (Vitamin B2) - 876 mg - 28 mg
Pyridoxine (Vitamin B6) 313 mg - 10 mg
Vitamin K - 78 kg - 2.5 mg
Folic Acid - 313 mg - 10 mg
Biotin -  0.781 mcg - 0.025 mcg
Choline - 6,247 mg - 200 mg
d-Pantothenic Acid - 1,564 mg - 50 mg
Iron - 9,381 mg - 300 mg
Copper - 1,377 mg - 44 mg
Cobalt - 70 mg - 2.2 mg
Manganese 1,100 mg - 39 mg
Zinc - 3,392 mg - 110 mg
Iodine - 9 mg - 0.25 mg
Fluorine - 2,066 mg - 0.066 mg

Red C is a palatable Vitamin and Mineral feed supplement for horses formulated to provide supplemental vitamins and minerals that may be lacking or are in insufficient quantities in a horse's regular feed.

Feeding Directions
CAUTION: Directions for use must be carefully followed. This feed contains sodium saccharin and shall not be fed to lactating cows.
1 ml = 1.065 grams
Horses in Training: 60 ml of Red C daily
Horses not in Training: 30 ml of Red C daily
Feed Red C by mixing into daily feed ration.
IMPORTANT: Store in a cool, dry place. This product must be agitated while being fed. Shake well before using. Keep from freezing. Close container after each use. The viscosity of this product will vary inversely with temperature.
Feeding vitamins other than Vitamin A, D, E, riboflavin, pyridoxine and thiamine to horses may not have a beneficial effect.

Water, Citric Acid, Ferric Ammonium Citrate, Choline Chloride, Sorbitol, Copper Sulfate, Calcium Carbonate, Magnesium Sulfate, Potassium Chloride, Zinc Sulfate, Thiamine Hydrochloride, d-Pantothenic Acid, Sodium Sacchain, Manganese Sulfate, D-alpha Tocopherol Acetate (Source of Vitamin E), Vitamin A Acetate, D-Activated Animal Sterol (Source of Vitamin D-3), Riboflavin, Folic Acid, Pyridoxine Hydrochloride, Potassium Sorbate (as preservative), Sodium Benzoate, Niacinamide, Menadione Sodium Bisulfite Complex (Source of Vitamin K), Cobalt Sulfate, Xanthan Gum, Sodium Bicarbonate, Sodium Selenite, Dehydrated Seaweed Meal, Ethylenediamine Dihydriodide, Cyanocobalamin (Source of Vitamin B-12), D-Biotin, Cherry Flavor
(Reg. No. 980676) and FD&C Red #40

Manufactured for:
Farnam Companies, Inc
301 West Osborn Road
Phoenix, AZ 85013

Canadian Representative:
Wellmark International
100 Stone Road West, Ste. 111
Guelph, ON N1G 5L3

Product Code: 70101 RM# 2008989 07-1707